Discovered by an international trio of scientists, the lobster, Dinochelus ausubeli, lives in the deep ocean water near the Philippines.
The new lobster has movable, well-developed eyestalks and an inverted T-plate in front of its mouth.
But its most striking feature is a mighty claw with a short, bulbous palm and extremely long, spiny fingers for capturing prey.
Dinochelus is derived from the Greek words dino, meaning terrible and fearful, and chelus, meaning claw.
All told, the Census of Marine Life sponsored 540 expeditions over 10 years, carried out by 2,700 researchers from more than 80 countries. It was, Ausubel says, the biggest project in the history of marine biology.